By Prof. Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis
The Islamic Caliphate as a historical institution
The historical Islamic Caliphate was the central institution that governed the societies and ruled the lives of the Muslims for ca. 1300 years; in doing so, it also determined the lives of non-Muslims who lived in its vast territories. Not all the religions were viewed uniformly by the Caliphatic authorities and by those exercising power in the name of the Caliph. The Christians, the Jews, the Sabians and the Mandaeans were considered as People of the Book, a Quranic – Islamic concept that describes the case of earlier revelations of the Divine Law by God through Holy Books sent to other peoples. Polytheistic and idolatrous systems were however reprimanded; Manichaism was opposed, although its founder, Mani, had composed 400 years before Muhammad books that were considered as divinely inspired by his followers from NW Africa to China.
The socioeconomic conditions differed per period, per province, and per dynasty. The Islamic Caliphate was not a uniform system of government; from Omayyad Damascus to Abbasid Baghdad to Omayyad Granada to Mameluk Cairo to Ottoman Istanbul the differences in the system and the style of government were great. Philosophical – ideological – theological differences impacted the Islamic Caliphate and its practices differently from time to time and from dynasty to dynasty. Not all the Muslims accepted the Caliphate as rightful power and decision-making system in the Islamic world, and this does not originate only from the Shia – Sunni clash which had in general little impact (although the early Shia opposition to Omayyad Damascus brought this dynasty to an end before completing 100 years in power).
Prophet Muhammad’s State was quite different from the Historical Caliphates
One must clarify one critical issue at this point. Although all the Caliphs and the slowly emerged within Sunni Islam Sheikhulislams (a counterweight to the Pope) ruled in the name of Islam, incessantly evoking the divine revelation of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad and the Prophet’s preaching, teachings, discourses, speeches and explanations (known as the Hadith), there is no full evidence that the Islamic Caliphate as it has been known across the ages was an acceptable form of government for Prophet Muhammad himself.
As a matter of fact, Prophet Muhammad – from either Medina or Mecca – ruled the Islamic State in his quality of Prophet (nabi) and Messenger of God (rasul-Allah), and not as a caliph (as it happened in the Islamic State after his death), a military ruler (like Hannibal or Attila), a republican figure (like Caesar or Pericles), a divine emperor and ‘son of god’ (as it was practiced in Babylonia and many other ancient empires), let alone a god (as it happened in Ancient Egypt). Analytically observing the way the early Islamic State was ruled by Prophet Muhammad until his death (622 – 632 CE from Medina first, and only after 630 from Mecca) and comparing it to the practices of the different Caliphatic dynasties, one finds enormous differences.
Prophet Muhammad’s state was a very small institution limited to basics, because social interaction and deliberations prevailed, and in addition, the presence of the Prophet was a catalyst in the successive meetings that were constantly taking place. Directly addressing the average people, Prophet Muhammad did not find any value in sophisticated social and/or governmental hierarchy. His state was smaller and weaker than early Sumerian states that antedated him for 3600 years ( ! ), and this was a clear choice, not a condition of underdevelopment.
Prophet Muhammad’s state was bigger only than that envisioned by Karl Marx for the second stage after the termination of the capitalist state, namely the Communist society; but that stage, which was never attended in History, represented merely a stateless society with no class difference. Prophet Muhammad eliminated class difference within a minimal state.
And certainly Prophet Muhammad’s state was very different from the supposedly ‘ideal’ utopian states that many European Renaissance authors envisioned, notably the City of the Sun (La città del Sole) by Tommaso Campanella (1602), and the likes, because there was no secluded hierarchy atop of the society. However, those fake ideals (Utopia, New Atlantis) included indeed contradictory elements that could only tear down those unrealistic approaches or simply turn them to nightmares; as a matter of fact, ‘ideal society’ and ‘hierarchical administration’ are the most opposite concepts in the world – to the extent that they totally exclude one another.
What we can retain from the aforementioned is that the Islamic correctness of the historical Islamic Caliphate is a highly debatable subject.
Peaceful co-existence of different nations and religious systems within the Islamic Caliphate
Compared to other empires, the Islamic Caliphate was a very tolerant institution and form of government; modern Western historians, journalists, writers and ideologues, who are on the payroll of various agencies and lobbies, have repeatedly tried to tarnish the image of the Islamic Caliphate. Of course, it is clear that the main historical state of the Muslims and all its dependencies that paid allegiance to the Caliphate were not angelic institutions. However, one cannot even dare to compare the Islamic Caliphate, in any of its forms, to the cruelty of the Christian Western and Eastern Roman Empires, to the barbarism of the Frankish Merovingian and Carolingian kingdoms, and to the savageness of the kingdoms of France, England, Spain and Portugal that fought incessantly religious wars one upon the other for many long centuries.
The average Westerners have fallen victim of two systematic, very wide, very deep, and at least 2 centuries long efforts of their academics and sociopolitical elite:
1- the a) falsification and b) the embellishment of their own, really execrable Western European and American History of bloodshed, fornication, religious intolerance, criminal colonialism, serial genocides, and consummately anti-Christian identity
2- the blackening of the Islamic Caliphate History, which also involved a systematic concealment of every historical truth that would reveal the greatness of the Islamic Civilization, the tolerance of Islam as religion, the advancement of the Islamic Sciences, the height of the Islamic Philosophy, the beauty of the Islamic Art, the freedom of the Islamic mindset, and the strength of the Islamic Spirituality (notably Mohyieldin Ibn Arabi).
Islamic Times’ Christians preferred the Islamic Caliphate to Rome or Constantinople
At the times of the historical wars between the Islamic Caliphates and the Eastern Roman Empire (633 – 1099), the Islamic State was so more tolerant than Constantinople that the Christians, who lived in the Caliphate, preferred to be subjects of the Islamic State than to be placed under the authority of either Constantinople or Rome.
The filthy liars of today’s Fake Christianity that thrives in Protestant Anti-Christian territories such as the monstrous tyrannies of UK and USA have done their best to hide every historical evidence that testifies to the aforementioned claim.
This proves that they are not real but fake Christians, because truth is a value for Christianity as well. The New Testament is very precise on this point (1 John 3:19 / Greek text: Τεκνία, μὴ ἀγαπῶμεν λόγῳ μηδὲ τῇ γλώσσῃ ἀλλὰ ἐν ἔργῳ καὶ ἀληθείᾳ. 19 ἐν τούτῳ γνωσόμεθα ὅτι ἐκ τῆς ἀληθείας ἐσμέν / English translation: My little sons, love we not in word, neither in tongue, but in work and truth. 19 In this thing we know, that we be of truth – advice in this regard: DO NOT USE THE SATANIC KING JAMES VERSION – IT IS A DELIBERATELY FALSE TRANSLATION, A FREEMASONIC TRASH).
In striking opposition to, and full rejection of, the Satanic lies of the Anti-Christians of the West, I will make herewith known authentic historical sources that testify to what I claim, i.e. that the Islamic Caliphate was a far more tolerant and acceptable state for Christians than the evil pseudo-Christian Roman and European empires, states and realms.
1. The monstrosity of the pseudo-Christian Emperor Heraclius
This is what Severus of Al Ashmunein (Hermupolis) writes in his venerated ‘History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria’ about the cruelty of the evil, Satanic, pseudo-Christian Emperor Heraclius of the Eastern Roman Empire. Here you will read what a supposedly Christian Emperor did – not to Muslims but surprisingly enough – to Christians in Egypt just few years before the Islamic armies liberated the Nile Valley and turned it from an Eastern Roman to an Islamic Caliphatic province – to the greatest benefit of the indigenous Christians, the Copts who are the descendents of the Ancient Egyptians.
“These were the years during which Heraclius and the Colchian ruled over the land of Egypt. And on account of the greatness of the trials and the straits and the affliction which the Colchian brought down upon the orthodox, in order that they might enter into the Chalcedonian faith, a countless number of them went astray, some of them through persecution, and some by bribes and honours, and some by persuasion and deceit. So that even Cyrus, bishop of Niciu, and Victor, bishop of the Faiyum, and many others denied the orthodox faith, because they had not obeyed the injunctions of the blessed Father Benjamin, and had not hidden themselves as the others did; for the Colchian caught them with the fishing-line of his error, and so they went astray after the impure Chalcedonian council. And Heraclius seized the blessed Mennas, brother of the Father Benjamin, the patriarch, and brought great trials upon him, and caused lighted torches to be held to his sides until the fat of his body oozed forth and flowed upon the ground, and knocked out his teeth because he confessed the faith; and finally commanded that a sack should be filled with sand, and the holy Mennas placed within it, and drowned in the sea. For Heraclius the misbeliever had charged them, saying : «If any one of them says that the council of Chalcedon is true, let him go; but drown in the sea those that say it is erroneous and false.» Therefore they did as the prince bade them, and cast Mennas into the sea. For they took the sack, and conveyed him to a distance of seven bowshots from the land, and said to him : «Say that the council of Chalcedon is good and not otherwise, and we will release thee.» But Mennas would not do so. And they did this with him three times; and when he refused they drowned him. Thus they were unable to vanquish this champion, Mennas, but he conquered them by his Christian patience.”
Excerpt from: Severus of Al Ashmunein (Hermopolis), History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic church of Alexandria (1904) Part 2 Peter I – Benjamin I (661 AD). Patrologia Orientalis 1 pp. 383-518 (pp.119-256 of text)
I am sure that you will agree with me that never ever a Muslim carried out this abominable torture to any enemy, irrespective of the enemy’s identity and belief, anytime anywhere and under any circumstances whatsoever.
Not even today’s fake Muslims and CIA-Mossad agents of the Fake Caliphate ISIS have carried out similar atrocities. (About them: Senior Commander of ISIS is a ‘retired’ US General Paul Vallely in: https://hwaairfan.wordpress.com/2014/10/02/senior-commander-of-isis-is-a-retired-us-general-paul-vallely/). Perhaps, the villainous, uncultured and barbaric beasts who are employed by the aforementioned Satanic institutions failed to come across the Coptic Chronicle of Severus (Sawiris) of Al Ashmunein, which would – unfortunately for their cases – enrich their perverse minds and evil souls with similar evildoing that they, due to their evilness, would consider adopting as method.
But as you see, the Ancient Romans were wise enough to understand that ….. Quos vult Iupiter perdere dementat prius (whom Roman god Jupiter would destroy, he first makes mad). Never mind! Today’s Evangelicals and Zionist bogus-Christians are worse – that’s why they are all cursed and they will soon perish in eternal damnation.
2. The generosity and respect expressed by Amr Ibn al Aas, General of the Islamic army and “trusty companion” of “the prince of the Muslims”, toward the Coptic Church and the previously persecuted Patriarch (who was forced to hide in order to survive under the Eastern Roman occupation of Egypt)
“When Amr took full possession of the city of Alexandria, and settled its affairs, that infidel, the governor of Alexandria, feared, he being both prefect and patriarch of the city under the Romans, that Amr would kill him; therefore he sucked a poisoned signet-ring, and died on the spot. But Sanutius, the believing duke, made known to Amr the circumstances of that militant father, the patriarch Benjamin, and how he was a fugitive from the Romans, through fear of them. Then Amr, son of Al-Asi, wrote to the provinces of Egypt a letter, in which he said : «There is protection and security for the place where Benjamin, the patriarch of the Coptic Christians is, and peace from God; therefore let him come forth secure and tranquil, and administer the affairs of his Church, and the government of his nation». Therefore when the holy Benjamin heard this, he returned to Alexandria with great joy, wearing the crown of patience and sore conflict which had befallen the orthodox people through their persecution by the heretics, after having been absent during thirteen years, ten of which were years of Heraclius, the misbelieving Roman, with the three years before the Muslims conquered Alexandria. When Benjamin appeared, the people and the whole city rejoiced, and made his arrival known to Sanutius, the duke who believed in Christ, who had settled with the commander Amr that the patriarch should return, and had received a safe-conduct from Amr for him. Thereupon Sanutius went to the commander and announced that the patriarch had arrived, and Amr gave orders that Benjamin should be brought before him with honour and veneration and love. And Amr, when he saw the patriarch, received him with respect, and said to his companions and private friends : «Verily in all the lands of which we have taken possession hitherto I have never seen a man of God like this man». For the Father Benjamin was beautiful of countenance, excellent in speech, discoursing with calmness and dignity.
Then Amr turned to him, and said to him : «Resume the government of all thy churches and of thy people, and administer their affairs. And if thou wilt pray for me, that I may go to the West and to Pentapolis, and take possession of them, as I have of Egypt, and return to thee in safety and speedily, I will do for thee all that thou shalt ask of me.» Then the holy Benjamin prayed for Amr, and pronounced an eloquent discourse, which made Amr and those present with him marvel, and which contained words of exhortation and much profit for those that heard him; and he revealed certain matters to Amr, and departed from his presence honoured and revered. And all that the blessed father said to the commander Amr, son of Al-Asi, he found true, and not a letter of it was unfulfilled.”
The above two paragraphs are able to automatically delete thousands of tons of books and articles written by pro-Israeli, Evangelical and other bogus-Christian authors who promote hatred against Islam in order to trigger the trouble that will send them first to the Eternal Hell.
3. Description of Prophet Muhammad by the genuine Christian Severus of Al Ashmunein
“And in those days Heraclius saw a dream in which it was said to him : «Verily there shall come against thee a circumcised nation, and they shall vanquish thee and take possession of the land». So Heraclius thought that they would be the Jews, and accordingly gave orders that all the Jews and Samaritans should be baptized in all the provinces which were under his dominion. But after a few days there appeared a man of the Arabs, from the southern districts, that is to say, from Mecca or its neighbourhood, whose name was Muhammad; and he brought back the worshippers of idols to the knowledge of the One God, and bade them declare that Muhammad was his apostle; and his nation were circumcised in the flesh, not by the law, and prayed towards the South, turning towards a place which they called the Kaabah. And he took possession of Damascus and Syria, and crossed the Jordan, and dammed it up. And the Lord abandoned the army of the Romans before him, as a punishment for their corrupt faith, and because of the anathemas uttered against them, on account of the council of Chalcedon, by the ancient fathers.”
This is the historical truth written by a true and faithful Christian – not today’s pro-Israeli bogus-Christian, European and American idiots who give their silly children Ancient Hebrew names to … hypothetically please Jesus in his second coming ( ! ) but what they will achieve instead will be to best guarantee their eternal damnation.
It is noteworthy that the true Christians of Egypt first appreciated Prophet Muhammad’s role in eliminating idolatry and polytheism from Arabia, and second rejoiced for the subsequent removal of the pseudo-Christian Eastern Roman tyranny from all the Oriental provinces of Constantinople.
4. Presentation of Caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik (724-743) as a real friend of Christianity and as lover of Christian hymns
“And after him reigned Hishâm his brother, who was a God-fearing man according to the method of Islam, and loved all men; and he became the deliverer of the orthodox. For when he learnt that we Christians had had no patriarch in the East since Julian, the late patriarch of Antioch, in whose stead the bishop Elias had taken his seat, and that Elias also had died, he took a man named Athanasius, full of every spiritual grace, who also was a bishop, and gave him the patriarchate of Antioch. So the bishops laid their hands upon him in turn, and made him patriarch. This Athanasius wrote a synodical letter with learning and great humility to the blessed Father Patriarch Alexander, saying : «Verily I am unworthy of this degree on account of my sins; yet I have not been promoted by my own will, but by that of the prince». For he had known him before this time. So Alexander received the letter with joy, and then wrote an answer to it, asserting the unity of the faith, and containing good wishes and salutations. At the end he wrote thus : «We bless the prince Hishâm, and pray that he may enjoy a reign of many years, and overcome his enemies, so that he may do that which is right before the Lord». And he dismissed the envoys in peace.
After this, Hishâm wrote to Egypt, commanding that a receipt in his name should be given to everyone who paid the taxes, so that none might be unfairly treated, and that there might be no injustice in his dominions. So God gave him a prosperous reign, and he continued to rule for twenty-two years; and no war continued against him, but everyone that rose up against him was delivered by God into his hands, through the prayers of the two glorious patriarchs, Alexander at Alexandria and Athanasius at Antioch. Now the orthodox church at Damascus was adjoining the palace in which Hishâm resided. Then he commanded that the patriarch should build his house next to the prince’s reception-hall, because of his great love for him, so that he might hear him pray and read. For he often used to say to him : «When thou beginnest to pray at night I receive great comfort, and I cease to trouble about the affairs of the empire, and then sleep comes to me restfully». And Hishâm loved Athanasius greatly for that reason; and he gave great gifts to the churches and the Christians. And there was at his court a Muslim who greatly loved the orthodox churches, and he was named Ubaid Allah. And when the prince Hishâm saw him act so, he rejoiced greatly, and made him governor of Egypt, and commanded him to act with kindness towards all baptised Christians.”
The historical evidence is inexorable; one can produce thousands of examples. However, the aforementioned is quite sufficient for the scope of the present introductory article and fully indicative of the falsehood into which the Western nations have been entrapped.
In fact, there is only one way to achieve peace, concord, morality, and cultural integrity in the vast part of the earth that is inhabited by the Muslims; this is the re-establishment of the Islamic Caliphate and the elimination of all the current illegal, loathsome, treacherous administrations that have – all – been imposed by forces alien to the Islamic World and hateful of the Muslims and with the task to viciously destroy all the existing religions, eliminate all moral principles, ideals, values and concepts, turn the inhabitants to faithless materialistic beasts and thus prepare the way for the global ruler who will be none else than the Antichrist – whom Israel, America, Europe, NATO, all pro-Israeli pseudo-Christians, and the local rulers of all Muslim countries will accept as Jesus Christ in his fake second coming.
But of course, when I speak of an Islamic Caliphate, I mean a real, authentic Islamic Caliphate – not a fake trash invented by the filthy Satanic slaves of the CIA and the Mossad, who will all perish in eternal damnation along with their fabricated bogus-Jesus who is awaiting in the wings, being however known to those who can see him very clearly